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14.11.1922: BBC Established
More than one million households in the United Kingdom had purchased a ten-shilling radio license to witness the start of the BBC, which would later be known as the British Broadcasting Corporation.

The BBC was founded by Lord John Reith. He envisioned a broadcaster that would entertain, inform and educate. The BBC’s television service started in 1936, broadcasting from London’s Alexandra Palace, although at that time only a few thousand Londoners could afford the 100 Guineas price of a television set.

It was four years previously that the BBC had begun its "Empire Service", which was renamed the "BBC World Service" shortly before the outbreak of the Second World War. Broadcasting in French, German, Italian, Portuguese and Spanish, its primary aim at that time was to broadcast objective news coverage to a continent which had been bombarded by Nazi propaganda. Indeed, many were prepared to risk capital punishment for listening to the broadcasts by the enemy. Joseph Goebbels, the Nazi Propaganda Minister, was later forced to admit that it was the BBC who had won the intellectual invasion of Europe.

Although radio continued throughout the Second World War, the BBC television service had stopped on 1 September 1939. The golden age of television was only to begin in earnest on 2nd June 1953 when the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in Westminster Abbey was broadcast. Families all over the country crammed into living rooms which owned a set to watch the flickering screen. By the end of the decade, 95 percent of all households in Great Britain had a television set.

Since then, competition in broadcasting has increased both in the UK and worldwide. Although some of the programming offered by commercial broadcasters would make Reith turn in his grave, the increased competition has forced Auntie to reexamine its role. Many have recently criticized the BBC for dumbing down and moving away from its original remit to inform and educate.

But with a history of broadcasting classics like the comedy series “Fawlty Towers” and “Monty Python’s Flying Circus”, and with an unrivalled news and current affairs service, the BBC’s position as a national institution in the United Kingdom is as unshaken as its international respect is unrivaled.
   
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Which famous broadcasting corporation was established on 14 November 1922?
  NBC
  Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
  British Broadcasting Corporation
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